Infection Control

  • Droplet precautions include:
    • standard PPE
    • standard surgical mask for providers who accompany patients in the back of the ambulance
    • surgical mask or non-rebreather O2 mask for the patient.
  • This level of precaution should be utilized when:
    • influenza
    • meningitis
    • mumps
    • streptococcal pharyngitis
    • and other illnesses spread via large particle droplets are suspected.
  • A patient with a potentially infectious rash should be treated with droplet precautions.
  • Airborne precautions include:
    • standard PPE
    • utilization of a gown
    • change of gloves after every patient contact
    • strict hand washing precautions
  • This level of precaution should be utilized when:
    • multi-drug resistant organisms
      • (i.e., MRSA)
      • scabies
      • zoster (shingles)
      • or other illnesses spread by contact are suspected.
  • All-hazards precautions include:
    • standard PPE
      • airborne precautions
      • contact precautions
    • This level of precaution is utilized during:
    •  the initial phases of an outbreak
    • when the etiology of the infection is unknown or
    • when the causative agent is found to be highly contagious (i.e., SARS).