Lorazepam - Ativan

 

INDICATIONS:

  • Major Motor Seizures
  • Status Epilepticus
  • Pre-Medication prior to Cardioversion or Transcutaneous Pacing
  • Skeletal muscle relaxant
  • Acute Anxiety States
  • Medication for combative patients and difficult intubations

 

ADMINISTRATION:

  • IV, IO, IM

 

DOSAGE:

  • ADULT: Up to total of 4 mg slow administration IV/IO/IM  (Over 2 - 5 minutes)

PEDIATRIC:

  • Up to total of 0.1 mg/kg IV/IO/IM slow administration (Over 2 - 5 minutes); max 4 mg

Contact medical control for additional doses!

Doses GREATER THAN 4 mg require Direct Medical Order

THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS:

  • Suppresses the spread of seizure activity through the motor cortex of the brain
  • Effective skeletal muscle relaxant

 

RELATIVE CONTRAINDICATIONS:

  • Respiratory depression
  • Hypotension
  • ETOH or other sedative drugs
  • Pregnancy
  • Hypersensitivity to the drug

 

SIDE EFFECTS:

  • Respiratory/Cardiac Arrest, Decreased LOC, Hypotension